England is famous for it’s garden culture. The English garden was created in the 18th century in contrast to the French garden, which is very structured with symmetrical ways and central points. Hence it is a metaphor for the French absolutism of it’s time with the Sun king being in the center of power, all possible ways departing from him. The English system was more nuanced and unclear, hence there are more secret passage ways in the Gardens, an aura of mystery and uncertainty sometimes, the structures being not so clear and open to exploration. But of course the English garden like it’s French cousin is everything but natural, it is thoroughly human-made. One example being the Garden of Arundel at the grounds of the castle with the same name in Southern England. The temperated weather in this part of the UK allows for beautiful gardens with surprising diversity, consisting of local flowers but also more exotic ones.
The Abbey of bath is a prime example of the Pendicular Style of Gothic architecture in England. Another would be the Cathedral of Gloucester. Medieval churches tend to be very dark and somewhat sinister. The Abbey of Bath though is different. The light coming through the beautiful stained glass windows is flowing through the building, giving interesting accents and tones.
Before it was discovered by English royalty Brighton used to be a little fishermen’s town. It all changed in the 19th century when the railway was built and the people of Britain were getting accustomed to the concept of vacation. That’s when Brighton pier was built with a length of over 500 Meter and people began to take sunbaths at the beachfront. New hotels were built for the masses and also the royal family needed a new home. So the famous John Nash built the Crystal Palace, heavily inspired by Indian architecture. Today the town is visited by Britons but even more by foreign language students, who spent part of their vacations in the former fishermen’s town. The palace is a museum now, presumably Brighton got to crowded for the Royals.
The Cathedral of Gloucester was built in the 7th century and is well known, among other things, for being a filming location for the Harry Potter movies. It is also famous as being very mysterious and even strange. The reason is the architectural style of the church which is called “perpendicular style”, a more grotesque version of the medieval Gothic style. Also very peculiar and interesting are the glass windows, there is even one depiction of a medieval Golf player! All in all a fascinatingly grim but beautiful cathedral.
The proper history of England begins with the conquest of the island by the Anglo-Saxons in the 6th century, but for many thousand years before the country was inhabited by settlers, who cultivated the land and made it arable for the upcoming generations. During this process the landscape was altered extensively of course, England used to be covered by dense forests before like other parts of Northern Europe. A lot of the wood was used for ship making, as England was an island country and hence depended on sea trade and also on fishing. England became rich and in the middle ages beautiful castles where built and monasteries, which were surrounded by little towns, which became bigger towns with magnificent cathedrals later on. A lot of the history of England can be seen still today when travelling England. Take your time, don’t hurry and never forget the cup of tea in the afternoon!
England is a particularly rich country when it comes to history and traditions. There are old mansions and ruins scattered all through the country, surrounded very often by beautiful nature and accompanied by lovely gardens. Especially nice is South England, which consists of an interesting and sometimes even weird looking coast lines. Get yourself a nice cup of tea, find a place with a great view and enjoy yourself!